The tank can work, it just requires some extra work. It’s also recommended that you take down the tank completely every 18 months or so to remove and rinse the filter plates, clean the tank bottom, and swill the gravel through in aquarium water to remove accumulated muck. The system contains just one filter plate that’s made from strong, durable plastic. I would look into a sponge filter setup if I were you, or think realistically about how you would baffle the flow of the water falling into the tank and restrict that intake area. If it’s not an adjustable flow, then you can have it close to a wall or break onto a structure. Hello, They make it sound like the plants clean the water and all of your problems are over. Also would I stil need an air filter if I get a sponge one? Secondly, would you recommend turning off the filter every time we feed her so it doesn’t break up the food, or turning off the filter for good? I put aquarium rocks in there. Usually they add spices like cinnamon and clove. I only put in a few drops in new water when I do a 10-15% water change weekly. He is NOT happy in there. His fins started looking raggedy (kind of stringy) in the last 1-1/2 months. you now may only have 1-gallon of actual water in the tank. So far he is doing well and almost eats his 3 pellets twice a day almost out of my finger. Cycling is going to be out of the question for you since you already have the fish, so you may want to pick up some “quick-start” which will add beneficial bacteria to the tank and speed up the process for you to acclimate them into the water on the same day or 24 hours later. I have a few questions. Mine’s about 1 inch right now. Thanks! I bought a 5 gallon tank for two females I am expecting this week (they are being shipped). You can read more about the process here. I have a hang on the back filter but I have to keep the water flow to its minimal setting because I don’t want my betta to be tossed around. Not so! Hi there. Also am I supposed to change the water every week even with the filter and I have to replace the sponge every 3 months? It has a light and filter that comes with it. Many thanks for your help. Yes, Michelle, those tiny tanks are for placing your fish in to view them up close, or during tank cleanings, they are not permanent housing. Well, every living creature generates waste products, and that waste, together with uneaten food, dead plant matter, etc., triggers the Nitrogen Cycle to begin in your aquarium. Is the filter producing too much current and stressing him out? I am going to buy my fourth Betta later this week (The others, unfortunately, are no longer alive, due to age, disease, and malfunctioning heaters, all but the last when I was very young.) With that said, you could certainly introduce him to a larger tank with plenty of fake or live plants and hiding places to allow him to hid in and feel safe. First of all… can Betta’s smell food and find it near the bottom of the tank, or do they only surface-eat? Hi Bryan – We’ve had our Veiltail Betta (Simon) for 3 months. Betta’s prefer slow moving or still water. I have just bought a new fish tank and it is 1.5 gallons. It took awe two trials to figure out courant seems lower than usual and so suddenly I looked on the side where the pump is which I admit I never looked at. Did we do enough and will the algae come back? I will be getting a bigger tank as soon as I possibly can. So great to find someone with all the answers. Next, make sure the temperature of the water is 78-82 degrees Fahrenheit, and if it’s not you need a heater. If you go with a 2.5-gallon tank I would not use a filter other than a sponge filter to avoid creating a strong current in a small tank. I don’t want him to drown either. These are ideal for 5-10 gallon or even larger tanks. What I do is keep a 1-gallon jug with conditioned water in it and that way I don’t need to estimate the drops. The water will be cooked out this way. If you don’t want to see the uplift tubes, simply place tall plants in a position to obscure them. He’s in a 10 gal filtered tank, and was treated with API’s FungusCure. What size tank Krista? In a filtered tank you don’t need to do 100% water changes unless you have an algae or rampant disease problem. Hello Bryan. He got stuck behind the hang on the back filter. If you decide to introduce tank mates, create a sorority, or place your betta fish in a community tank, filtration will be required for increased oxygenation and water quality. Do I need to make sure all debris is gone from the rocks at all times? Most submersible filters attach to the tank’s wall via suction cups and perform relatively well if they’re not too powerful. And unfortunately no, the roots or plants on top on their own will not be enough to keep the water clean. Our betta seems to have her favorite places and alternates between resting in them and swimming around. I would really like to keep it on because I want her tank to not get grimy as fast… thanks for your input! Btw, it houses 2 male bettas that were from a community tank in the pet store. The first thing to try is limiting the flow of your filter if it’s adjustable (try the lowest setting). Inside each of the uplift tubes are air stones that are attached to the lengths of the airline. An undergravel filter system can be customized relatively simply. We have been changing the filter, cleaning and at least half of the water every 30 days but this last time it was 34 days and I noticed that the water started turning green and the filter was full of algae and some of the artificial plants were slimed over. Winter I will be investing in a few more heaters to go around. Also wondering what type of thermometer I could position on the glass maybe to make sure indeed the water is at 78 average? I just got a betta 3 days ago and I want to get a filter. The filter plates come in four separate units that you clip together for the perfect fit. Hello Bryan. The absolute minimum size for a betta fish is 2.5 gallons, with the recommended size being 5 gallons or more. You’ll want to maintain a tropical habitat for your betta to keep his immune system and activity level proper. What should we do. So upgrade again to a 9gal fluval flex. You can use this undergravel unit in freshwater, marine, and brackish tanks, and the filter plate can be cut to fit as required. His symptoms are likely from too cold of water, and ammonia and other things building up quickly in a bowl. I have a 1 gallon tank with a filter included but the current seems to strong and I think is stressing out my betta. So many questions! Over time, that blockage disrupts the passage of water across the bacteria in the substrate and down through the filter plates, depriving the bacteria of oxygen and creating pockets of foul water. All comments are moderated and will not be visible until they are approved. pH should be 6.5-7.5, ammonia should always ideally be 0ppm, nitrates should be around 10-20, and nitrites should be 0. Do I need a thermometer? I love Bettas but have never had them in a tank that large, nor with a filter. If I am doing a 10 gallon tank with one Betta do I need a filter? It was an emergency tank purchase and was the biggest available within my post-bills-paid price range. Compared with other filter systems that offer only a few square inches of media on which bacteria can grow, a UGF utilizes the entire floor of your aquarium! I want to enjoy the fish without a ton of maintenance. Let’s start with a really quiet one. Would this effectively replace a synthetic filter? I would prefer to do so less often of course. We have a heater in the tank. What sponge filter and light would work well with a betta fish? I have always owned smaller tanks and did not realize I have to cycle my tank before hand. Please let us know your thoughts that can help him in any way, we are out of options 🙁. A filtered tank can further support a healthy ecosystem too. It comes with a filter and air pump. Live plants, like marimo moss balls, can help clean the tank and oxygenate the water. Do you recommend I turn everything off at night to give him rest or should I keep everything on 24/7? I had snails before for a while but they littered my tank with hatched eggs, like HUNDREDS. Filtered betta tanks will require less maintenance, which makes your life easier. It would be better if the tanks were larger, however, I would recommend a sponge filter with aeration for that size tank and not the HOB filter because it will likely be too strong and cause more problems in a small habitat. Some examples of different types include: under gravel filters, hanging on the back power filters, sponge filters, and internal filters. There are also beneficial bacteria that naturally exist in the water. Our favorite product is the Penn Plax Premium UGF kit. If you have a smaller tank, you should choose Lee’s Original Undergravel Filter that comes in a wide range of sizes, is very well-made, and is suitable for use in both freshwater and marine tanks. I bought my daughter a 10-gallon tank, which included a filter, fake plants, decoration and gravel for Goldie Bob (the goldfish she won). If you still have questions, please ask them in the comments below. If he has a fungus, I would try something better than Bettafix, like API Fungus Cure. Doing partial water changes and adding fresh water will lower the levels. In a 2-gallon tank, you can go without a filter and no substrate and just use a turkey baster to suck up any poop or excess food in between full tank cleanings. He does not seem so stress but still. I have a betta in a 3 gal bowl, no filter with a moss ball and another live plant, so is it ok not to do 100% water changes? Hi Laura. Black racer snails or mystery snails are good options. Can you please help me? Hi Megan – I’m really glad to hear you’re learning from the information and want to provide him with a better habitat. Is this usual? I’m not sure to be honest. The uplift columns are extra-large for increased water flow, and the system also comes with two activated carbon filter cartridges. It’s not a simple yes or no answer because they can survive and even thrive in both scenarios with the right care. The bowl is staying clean as of now, just change water 1 x a month. Problems arise from misinformation and from beginner caretakers who believe a bowl or other small tank is going to be less work and less expensive. As a general rule of thumb, when you place your filter plate under three inches of gravel, the flow rate that you need from your pump is at least 60 GPH (gallons per hour). So frustrated im not doing the pet fish thing right. I am temporarily housing a betta in a 1 gallon for a few paychecks. During the degradation time, the virus is capable of infecting people with COVID-19 when they touch the surface, as they may then ingest the virus by touching their mouth, nose or eyes. Also I bought a water test kit and find ti so confusing. It’s not as effective, but would be better than the 1-gallon jars. I got a 54L tank around 14 U.S. gallons, do you think a betta will be fine on it? After a while, I decided to try again. I recommend 2.5-gallons as the minimum size for a betta fish habitat, and power filters only in tanks that are 3-gallons or larger because of strong current concerns. Have a done much damage? Please avoid fish bowls and any tank under 2.5 gallons. We have had him 2 weeks and he is declining. Hello! Betta fish typically live 2-4 years in captivity, and they are usually 6-12 months old when you purchase them as adults from pet stores. The sand-like substrate will inevitably get sucked up during cleanings and need to be replaced over time. For example, if you want a stronger water flow through the gravel, you can choose a hefty powerhead, rather than a small pump. The system comes with two slatted filter plates that you place underneath the gravel on the bottom of your tank. I’m very sorry for all these questions but I’m trying to learn as much as I can before to get any other fish. As a bonus, you’re provided with two carbon filter cartridges that keep the water crystal clear and free from the unpleasant, sulfurous smell that sometimes afflicts UGFs. I do not actually have the Betta yet, because of afore-mentioned problems I have had in the past. I have had my betta for 3 months now. I have been doing 25% changes twice per week. Without heaters all of my tanks are at 78-80 degrees at all times. A 12 gallon isn’t too big for a betta, you’ll just need to make sure the tank has a lot of plants/decor and places to rest/hide to replicate a betta’s habitat and for them to feel safe and not stressed. I agreed to a fish and am always worrying about something being wrong. Hi Bryan! However, some come with an activated carbon cartridge or pouch that sits at the top of each of the uplift tubes. Nathalie. Our tank came with an internal filter that sits at the top of the tank. The information collected might relate to you, your preferences, or your device, and is mostly used to make the site work as you expect it to and to provide a more personalized web experience. After reading your site, not sure now if that’s true. I bought a turkey baster type to supposedly remove excess debris and I must say it does not work it removes lots of water if I were to try to remove small debris I see. You can usually use them well past what the box says instruction-wise too, with just some good rinsing and cleaning in tank water from time to time. Allowing your tank’s water to get and stay below the recommended depth from the filter’s output will also increase turbulence in the water. After a dismal and frustrating experience with some carnival goldfish, I’m researching so I and any fish I get have a better experience. Undergravel systems are cheap to purchase and run. Again, this is a temporary situation and I will be upgrading to a larger tank. As of right now, I have one but I am not sure if the current will be too strong. You can use the Imagitarium UGF in both marine and freshwater tanks. If your betta’s filter is too strong you will need to remove it or reduce the strength of the current. The problem with that arrangement is that the cartridges typically don’t remain effective for more than a few days before they require replacement. I read few things about bettas, unfortunately not enough to let me set a new tank right now. You can purchase a thermometer with a suction cup attached to it for a few dollars that would help monitor the temp. Well, you have a few options. The more items you place in the tank, the more water is displaced. The green algae may be growing if you have the tank exposed to sunlight (e.g. An undergravel filter doesn’t have messy sponge filters or cartridges to wash or replace. Also, you can include a chemical filtration element by burying a porous filter bag filled with carbon or Zeolite under the gravel on top of the filter plate. Well, that’s quite frustrating huh? So when we do a partial cleaning of the tank we take out our fish ? I put two and two together, and he started to decline when it turned into winter here. If your betta does not mind the mild current, and it’s not stressing him or her, then you should be ok. Hi! For size, 2.5-3-gallons is the minimum size I typically recommend for a betta. Do you think this would be ok, or should I just stick with the filter and hope my betta gets used to it? For that reason, many hobbyists choose to use a secondary filter system to remove solid waste before it has a chance to clog the gravel. He is struggling to swim about and mainly sticks to the one end of the tank but will come and investigate if I turn off the filter. Really appreciate you teaching all of us. Thanks so much! Caring for a betta fish without a filter is actually a lot more work. In the other, she has a happy community of tiger barbs, green tiger barbs, corydoras catfish, platys, and mollies. Once you have bought the unit and pump or powerhead, that’s it! If your water parameters are fine and they don’t spike rapidly then it’s completely up to you. I was considering getting rid of the filter and replacing it with several Marimo moss balls + more frequent water changes (maybe a snail or ghost shrimp eventually if I can afford it). This can severely stress your betta fish and lead to fin damage, injuries, and even death. In this guide, we explain what’s so good about UGFs, how they work, and how to maintain one. Hello Bryan, The intake area could present a problem if it’s very strong and the betta could accidentally get sucked up against it and not be able to swim away. Make sure to always clean your filter in tank water and not tap water to preserve beneficial bacteria. How do I add a filter to his tank if he is already there? I want to switch him to a bigger tank with a heater and plants, possibly a filter as well but I am afraid that it might shock him and make things worse because he has not had those things for two years. I had to add a tall tropical live fern to break some current but wondering what else I could do that is minimal. Do those help? Like this one from API. 🙁. Thanks, 48 hours later, today, I just tested and I already new something was bad again because the marino balls becomes yellowish if too much ammonia. Mark, I wonder if it might work better to make it more like a confit; cook the meat in the fat in the oven at about 150-180 degrees for several hours. Can I keep her in a smaller tank until she gets bigger? There are also other methods like creating a separate compartment for filtration by dividing the tank. And just for you, we’ve also tracked down and reviewed five of the very best undergravel filter systems on the market. To help with unfiltered tanks, remove uneaten food and poop before it settles and decays (pro tip: use an aquarium designated turkey baster to easily suck debris out of the tank). Yes, just not as effective as running it all the time. I have had her for a month. Claims how they prefer small habitats and can live off the roots of a plant in a vase. The French make duck and pork confit this way, and this was a traditional way to preserve the meat. A sponge filter is very easy to set up and allows for both mechanical and biological filtration. I have settled on the Fluval Spec III (one for each of them of course), a Hydor 25w heater, Purigen filter material (I have no idea what that is but it seems to be in a bunch of reviews), and Luffy betta balls. Regardless of the size of your tank and whether you have a freshwater or marine setup, an efficient biological filter system is essential to provide a healthy environment for your fishes and other livestock. When you buy via the links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission at no cost to you. You don’t have to buy replacement filter media or expensive cartridges, and there’s nothing to go wrong with the unit unless the pump breaks. Sadly Goldie Bob died. The unit is suitable for use with 40 and 50-gallon aquariums and is made up of four individual filter plates that clip together. Great article on Betta tank filters! I used to have 3 goldies that I deeply love, unfortunately just for four months, they died for cotton fungus. On the other hand, a 5-gallon unfiltered tank will only need 1 water cycle per week at around 25%-35% of total volume and a 100% water change once per month. The first tank has two huge fancy goldfish who are almost ten years old and still looking as good as ever. Thank you. While you don’t “need” a filter, they do help keep a healthy nitrogen cycle and good bacteria. Mix-matching items can be tricky, but if you are buying a filter, a weaker than the recommended size is advisable. Hi Bryan, Great to hear Nathalie. Sponge filters use bubbles of air from an air pump to draw water through a sponge. Do a Google search for “sponge filter aquarium setup” and you can then view the images. Thanks, Stefi – the 14-gallon will be okay as long as it’s got some hiding places and plants as you said you’re going to add. We used the special cleaner to suck up the debris from the gravel and changed half the water, and filter and wiped down the tank. Thanx, Donna. The viewer is half a gallon….see I got so happy that I paid this no mind for my son, but there is a big difference between viewers and a tank am I right. it has my head spinning. Regarding the filter, there are bad and good bacteria that can be present. They work best in tanks up to 10 gallons and present virtually no risk to your betta from suction or flow. And do I need to do a full water change since there is no filter? I’ll test her water today and see how it is it does, it does not look cloudy. Do I really need the filter or just a small air stone? The filter UGF system’s filter plates are hidden beneath the substrate, and all you can see in your tank are two transparent plastic columns full of bubbles. If all that checks out, test your water with some aquarium test strips to make sure there is 0ppm ammonia, as fin rot is also caused by dirty water. Unlike other filtration systems that have an integrated power source and pump, UGFs do not usually come with one included in the kit. I am new to taking care of Betta fish. If that’s the case, then yes, rinse all filter media in tank water (not tap water) to preserve healthy bacteria, and yes the live plants can be rinsed prior to re-entry. And for your last question, the filter and water changes should help with that, I wouldn’t use a product to remove ammonia. There is so much information out there on different media, sponges etc. I have been reading your website extensively, and scouring the internet for info on our Betta fish. It makes maintenance easier and also helps to aerate the tank’s water. Thanks, Kim! Of course the weekly water changes will continue. UGFs are perhaps not the best choice for you if you keep very dirty fish species, such as goldfish. Hey isaac; Anything i can do to mod this tank to make him more content or downgrade back to something that is made for bettas (they all seem so small). This is the most popular undergravel filter on the market at the time of writing and is perfect for those with larger tanks of 40 to 50 gallons. Last question ( sorry) do you use for betta product to detox ammonia, nitrates and nitrite as kordon amquel plus? I want to get a hang on the back filter but I am confused on what exactly I should get and what products I should use and how to set it up. 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